Design of analog electronics 1

color coded resistors


Please visit the site of the High Tech Institute <> for the enrolment, price and time table.

What you will know at the end of this course

  • You will know the characteristic properties of ideal(ized) amplifiers and you will be able to derive the functional requirements for amplifiers from their application:
    • The input and output impedance
    • The source to load transfer
    • The port isolation
  • You are able to characterize the non-ideal behavior of amplifiers and you will know to derive performance requirements from the application description:
    • The small-signal noise behavior
    • The small-signal dynamic behavior
    • The static nonlinear behavior
    • The dynamic nonlinear behavior
    • The influence of temperature and ageing
  • You will know about other relevant design aspects of amplifiers such as:
    • Environmental conditions
    • Cost factors
  • You will be able to design low-noise and power efficient amplifier structures for arbitrary port impedance and port isolation requirements with the aid of feedback techniques, balancing techniques and isolation techniques:
    • Direct feedback and indirect (model-based) feedback
    • Nonenergic, passive and active feedback
    • Balancing and port isolation techniques
  • You are able to relate the properties of the components in the feedback network to important performance aspects and costs factors of the amplifier:
    • Inaccuracy
    • Noise
    • Nonlinearity
    • Power dissipation
    • Area
    • Costs
  • You are able to model individual performance aspects of voltage-feedback and current-feedback operational amplifiers
    • Noise behavior
    • Statistical modeling of offset and bias quantities
    • Gain and input and output impedances, including their dynamic behavior
    • PSRR and CMRR
  • You know about other relevant performance aspects of operational amplifiers, such as:
    • Input voltage range
    • Output voltage and current drive capability
    • Voltage slew rate
  • You know in which way and to what extent the equivalent input noise sources of an operational amplifier affect the noise performance of the negative feedback amplifier
  • You can apply the asymptotic-gain negative feedback model to derive budgets for properties of the operational amplifiers and the passive components of the negative feedback amplifier


Intended for

Designers with at least BSc in physics or electrical engineering.

Course material

Included in the course price is the course book and the most recent version of SLiCAP. Course participants also require a laptop and a license for MATLAB including the Symbolic Math Toolbox. This license is not included in the course price.

Course programme

Day1: Introduction

  • Signal modeling and characterization, selected topics
  • System modeling and characterization, selected topics
  • Noise in electronic systems, pysical mechanisms and modeling
  • Network theory, selected topics
  • Exercises

Day 2: Application, modeling and characterization of amplifiers

  • Introduction to amplification and amplifiers
  • Modeling and characterization of ideal behavior
  • Modeling and characterization of non-ideal behavior
  • Excersices

Day 3: Application, modeling and characterization of operational amplifiers

  • Types of operational amplifiers
  • Modeling of specific behavioral aspects
    • Noise behavior
    • Statistical modeling of offset and bias quantities
    • Modeling of the small-signal dynamic behavior
    • Modeling of PSRR and CMRR
  • Use of macro models

Day 4: Design of amplifier configurations

  • Techniques for the synthesis of negative-feedback amplifiers
    • Sensing and comparison techniques
    • The nullor as ideal controller
    • Balancing and port isolation tecnniques
  • Negative feedback implementation techniques
    • Direct and indirect feedback
    • Nonenergic, passive and active feedbacl

Day 5: Negative feedback modeling

  • Black’s feedback model
  • Asymptotic-gain model
  • Deriving controller requirements from amplifier requirements:
    • Design considerations regarding noise behavior
    • Design considerations regarding accuracy and linearity
    • Design considerations regarding low-frequency and high-frequency cut-off

Day 6: Frequency compensation techniques

  • Compensation strategies
  • High-frequency compensation techniques and their interaction with other performance aspects
  • Low-frequency compensation techniques and their interaction with other performance aspects

Day 7: Other design considerations

  • Temperature stability
  • Linearity, slew-rate, overdrive recovery, latch-up and phase-reversal
  • Implementation aspects (availability of components, component models, and design and analysis tools)

Day 8: Guidance of assignments

Day 9: Presentation of the results of the final assignment by the participants and group discussion